Tanzania is an East African country located south of the Equator. This was established as a sovereign state in 1964 by merging the separate states of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Mainland Tanganyika accounts for over 99% of the combined territories’ total area.
Mafia Island remains administered from the mainland, while the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba have separate administrations. Dodoma, since 1974, the officially designated capital of Tanzania, is located in the center of the mainland. Dar es Salaam is the biggest city and port in the country.
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Mainland Tanzania is bounded by Uganda, Lake Victoria, and Kenya to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, Mozambique, Lake Nyasa, Malawi, and Zambia to the south and southwest, and through Lake Tanganyika, Burundi, and Rwanda, in the West.
The narrow coastal belt of the mainland and coastal islands, the maximum of the mainland of Tanzania, lies above 600 feet (200 meters) in elevation. The vast plains and plateaus contrast with impressive features, especially Africa’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro (19,340 feet [5,895 meters]), and the world’s second-deepest lake, Lake Tanganyika (4,710 feet [1,436 meters] deep). ).
Lesser flamingos (Phoeniconaias minor) in a breeding ground at Lake Natron, Tanzania. During the breeding season, 1.5 and 2.5 million lesser flamingos gather in dense groups in shallow waters.
Brief about Tanzania
The East African Rift system extends in two branches from north to south across the continent of Tanzania, leaving behind many narrow, deep depressions that are often filled with lakes. One branch, the Western Rift Valley, runs along the western border and is noticeable through lakes Tanganyika and Rukwa. However, the other branch, the Eastern Rift Valley, spreads through the center of Tanzania from the borders of Kenya in the Lake Eyasi area: Manyara and Natron south to Lake Nyasa on the border with Mozambique. The Central Sierra represents more than 1/3 of the country’s surface and remains between two branches.
The highlands associated with the Western Rift Valley remain formed by the Ufipa Plateau, Mbeya Range, and Mount Rungwe in the country’s southwestern corner. From there, the southern highlands run northeast along the Great Rift to the Ukuguru and Nguru mountain ranges in northwestern Morogoro.
Extending from the north coast, the Usambara and Pare ranges run southeast to northwest, culminating in the towering snow-capped peak of Kilimanjaro and continuing beyond Mount Meru (14,978 feet [4,565 meters]). Just west of Mount Meru, another mountain chain begins, including the still-active volcano Ol Doinyo Lengai and the Ngorongoro Crater, the world’s largest caldera. This chain extends through the corridor between Lake Eyasi and Lake Manyara towards Dodoma.
Because of its many lakes, approximately 22,800 square miles (59,000 square kilometers) of Tanzania’s territory consists of inland waters. Lake Victoria, ranked as the world’s other main freshwater lake, is not part of the Rift System. Though Tanzania has no major rivers, it forms the dividing line from which the three major rivers of the African continent originate: the Nile, Congo, and Zambezi, flowing into the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean, respectively. Indian Ocean. Divided by the central plateau, the basins of these rivers do not meet.
People and Culture of Tanzanian
About 90% of Tanzanians live in rural areas and rely on what they can grow on the land. The first people in Tanzania were hunters and gatherers. Merchants moved to the country around 800 AD. The natives intermarried with newcomers from India, Arabia, and Shirazi people from Persia.
There are nearly 120 African tribal groups in Tanzania. Decided marriages are still the custom for many Tanzanian families, and parents begin planning for their daughter’s future when she is young.
Parts of the country are infested with tsetse flies. These blood-sucking insects carry sleeping sickness, which affects humans and pets. While the government has tried to eradicate flies, many areas are unsafe for people and animals. Malaria is always a threat in this country. Football is a popular sport in Tanzania.
Nature of Tanzanian
Much of the land was once savannah and shrubland, but today it is semi-desert. There is a lot of wildlife in Tanzania. The world’s largest remaining population of elephants is in Tanzania’s Selous Game Reserve, and they are still being killed for their ivory.
Some of the most famous African mammals native to Tanzania are wildebeest, zebra, giraffe, elephant, rhinoceros, lion, and leopard. They are threatened due to poaching. Also, Crocodiles and hippos can be found along river and lake shores, and giant turtles live offshore.
Tanzania has two official languages, Swahili and English. Swahili, the national language, combines several Bantu and Arabic dialects that originated along the coast of East Africa and on the island of Zanzibar. Swahili is the country’s lingua franca and is spoken by virtually all Tanzanians. During independence, the government and other national organizations promoted Swahili through literature, local theater, and poetry. Swahili is also the coaching medium for the first seven years of primary education. English is the medium of training at higher educational levels and is widely used in government agencies.
In addition to Swahili, most African Tanzanians also speak their people’s traditional languages. The main languages spoken by the Asian minority in Tanzania are Hindi, Gujarati, Punjabi, and Urdu.